Computers and studio gear http://personal-view.com/talks/categories/computers-and-studio-gear/feed.rss Mon, 17 Feb 20 09:45:53 +0000 Computers and studio gear en-CA Intel Xe and their discrete GPU http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/21762/intel-xe-and-their-discrete-gpu Fri, 22 Mar 2019 00:41:32 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 21762@/talks/discussions image

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Intel posted first images of their discrete GPU.

Lot of industry press post various bullshit on how competitive it will be and such.

In reality here we see 75-120W card with worst possible cooling, obviously made for multi GPU configurations.

Real intended market for this card will be CAD, 10-14bit color editing and similar applications.

GPU itself won't be really powerful.

Whole project is more like a con to distract public from full failure with moving to real 10nm and 7nm.

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Meet the future - how most MB will look in 5 years time http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/22090/meet-the-future-how-most-mb-will-look-in-5-years-time Tue, 21 May 2019 00:22:31 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 22090@/talks/discussions image

This one is for Xeons.

Yep, 2 CPUs, 6 channel memory for both. 7 full size slots can be absent in cheap consumer MB, but all else will be same.

Intel and AMD still want to trick people, just watch new 16 core AMD testing guides and how reviewers will tell you how nice is to have 2 channel memory (if you properly select benchmarks) . :-)

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Intel Comet Lake Upcoming 14nm CPUs http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/22267/intel-comet-lake-upcoming-14nm-cpus Tue, 09 Jul 2019 14:56:08 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 22267@/talks/discussions image

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Idea is to move to 10 cores using same 14nm process, making it even larger die.

VRM requirements and heat output will also increase.

And, as usual, for each generation we will see new socket.

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Threadripper 39xx and TRX40, TRX80 Threadripper new chipsets coming http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/21834/threadripper-39xx-and-trx40-trx80-threadripper-new-chipsets-coming Tue, 02 Apr 2019 10:32:19 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 21834@/talks/discussions From Gigabyte certification filings:

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X499 Aorus Xtreme Waterforce, X499 Aorus Master and X499 Designare EX-10G new motherboards.

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DRAM selection for Video Editors http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/21756/dram-selection-for-video-editors Thu, 21 Mar 2019 03:50:16 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 21756@/talks/discussions Introductory note

Memory is most blatant ripoff among all products related to computers.

All, 100% of so called "gamers" or "overclockers" memory is based on same 2133Mhz or 2400Mhz chips as cheap DIMMS.
Higher frequency chips are just selected among specific manufacturing batches aka dies. And sometimes not even tested properly (to save funds).
For manufacturer main expenses for such kits lies in the bigger competition for select chips (can be up to $10 extra for 8GB DIMM), around $1-3 they spend on fancy alu heatsinks and $1-5 they spend on more colorful packaging. All else goes to pure profits, marketing expenses (can be large for small manufacturer), distribution and retail parts.

Yet for many modern CPUs memory speed and timings greatly affect overall performance. And with each year such dependency increases due to lack of real progress in DRAM technologies. You can thank big patent troll named Rambus for lot of today issues.

Male sure to check https://www.personal-view.com/talks/discussion/19652/short-ddr4-memory-guide-for-video-guys

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AMD X570, B550 chipsets and motherboards on them http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/21414/amd-x570-b550-chipsets-and-motherboards-on-them Mon, 28 Jan 2019 08:25:22 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 21414@/talks/discussions
  • First in Ryzen family of chipsets made inside company, chipsets are very profitable business, this is why AMD doing this
  • Much higher TDW of 15 watts
  • 4x PCIe 3.0 lines connecting CPU and chipset will be replaced by 4x PCIe 4.0 lines doubling throughput
  • All lines provided by chipset will be PCIe 3.0 or PCIe 4.0.
  • Number of provided lines will rise by 25-50%
  • It'll have 4 USB 3.1 Gen2 ports controller not requiring additional Asmedia chips and supporting part of power delivery standards.
  • We can see build in 10Gbe network controller (that will still require additional chips and transformer).
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    Apple MacBook Pro 16, most expensive overheating gadget http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23065/apple-macbook-pro-16-most-expensive-overheating-gadget Wed, 13 Nov 2019 10:44:05 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23065@/talks/discussions image

    Base system

    • 2.6GHz 6-core i7
    • 3072 x 1920 IPS display, 500nits brightness tops, slimmer bezels means much more broken screens
    • 16GB RAM (around $50 cost to Apple in parts, Apple asks $400 for it)
    • 512GB SSD (around $40 cost to Apple in parts, Apple asks $200 for it)
    • If you have any issue with SSD, it is impossible to restore data or repair SSD
    • Radeon Pro 5300M with 4GB GDDR6 (sic!) (around $70 cost to Apple in parts)
    • Return to old keyboard (aka ones used in other notebooks)
    • 100Wh battery, up to 11 hours of light video watching on low backlight
    • $2400, only around 2-2.5x of comparable Windows note
    • https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1520434-REG/apple_mvvj2ll_a_16_macbook_pro_late.html

    Top system

    • 2.4GHz 8‑core i9
    • 3072 x 1920 IPS display, 500nits brightness tops
    • 64GB RAM (around $200 cost to Apple in parts)
    • 8TB of SSD storage (around $500 cost to Apple in parts)
    • If you have any issue with SSD, it is impossible to restore data or repair SSD
    • Radeon Pro 5500M with 8GB of GDDR6 (around $200 cost to Apple in parts)
    • Return to old keyboard (aka ones used in other notebooks)
    • 100Wh battery, up to 11 hours of light video watching on low backlight
    • $6100, at least this one is better and match current Apple smartphones margins

    Cooling had been improved, but for top configs it is absolutely not enough with it's single heatpipes for CPU and GPU.
    Even much cheaper Xiaomi Notebook Pro this year offers double the cooling with lighter heat output.
    Horrible heat design again, Apple!

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    Logitech StreamCam http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23522/logitech-streamcam Wed, 12 Feb 2020 02:31:43 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23522@/talks/discussions image

    Logitech introduced Logitech® StreamCam, a new webcam designed with streamers and content creators in mind. StreamCam features 1080p/60 fps video, USB-C connectivity, and flexible mounting options. StreamCam is even more powerful when used with Logitech Capture. Capture unlocks features on StreamCam that automate exposure, framing, and stabilization, so creators can focus on making their best content.

    "StreamCam is designed for today's creators, making it easier than ever for people to share their passion with the world," said Delphine Donne-Crock, general manager of Creativity and Productivity at Logitech. "Video has become a primary way for people to express themselves, and we're designing products that help people create amazing content."

    StreamCam used with Logitech Capture software is ideal for streaming on YouTube, Facebook, Twitch, Instagram, and more. This powerful combination offers features such as:

    • Facial recognition smart focus and exposure to help you look great in every video
    • AI-enabled smart framing so you always remain in view
    • Image stabilization to deliver smooth video
    • Full HD vertical video, perfect for viewing Instagram and Facebook stories on your mobile device
    • Stereo and dual-mono audio setting for recording based on your preference

    StreamCam is also supported on XSplit and Open Broadcaster Software (OBS).

    Logitech StreamCam Pricing and Availability

    Logitech StreamCam, which comes in either a white or graphite finish, will be available starting today on Logitech.com and other retailer sites in the U.S., France, Germany, UK, Spain and Italy for a suggested retail price of $169.99 and €159. Global availability is expected in early 2020.

    Updates to Logitech Capture software

    With the introduction of StreamCam, an updated version of Logitech Capture software will also be released for existing customers with added support for a beta version on macOS. The updated version will include capabilities such as Dark Mode, updated scene effects, live text overlays, and more. Logitech Capture is available at no cost at Logitech.com.

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    AMD Ryzen 4xxx mobile CPUs using Zen 2 architecture http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23336/amd-ryzen-4xxx-mobile-cpus-using-zen-2-architecture Tue, 07 Jan 2020 09:15:41 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23336@/talks/discussions CPUs

    • Ryzen 5 4300U – 4-cores/4-threads with 2.7 GHz base/3.7 GHz boost speeds and Radeon Vega 5 graphics
    • Ryzen 5 4500U – 6-cores/6-threads with 2.3 GHz base and 4 GHz boost speeds and Radeon Vega 6 graphics
    • Ryzen 5 4600U – 6-cores/12-threads with 2.1 GHz base and 4 GHz boost speeds and Radeon Vega6 graphics
    • Ryzen 7 4700U – 8-cores/8-threads with 2 GHz base and 4.1 GHz boost speeds and Radeon Vega 7 graphics
    • Ryzen 8 4800U – 8-cores/16 threads with 1.8 GHz base and 4/2 GHz boost speeds and Radeon Vega 8 graphics
    • Ryzen 5 4600H – 6-cores/12-threads with 3 GHz base/4 GHz boost speeds and Radeon 6 graphics
    • Ryzen 7 4800H – 8-cores/16-threads with 2.9 GHz base/4.2 GHz boost speeds and Radeon 7 graphics

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    BlackMagic ATEM Mini Live http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23244/blackmagic-atem-mini-live Sat, 14 Dec 2019 02:46:16 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23244@/talks/discussions

    Superb thing.

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    Lenovo: Story of idiots http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/5856/lenovo-story-of-idiots Mon, 21 Jan 2013 09:08:05 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 5856@/talks/discussions image

    Lenovo will continue to destroy all advantages of ThinkPad design.

    They do it one by one:

    • Making construction cheaper and weaker
    • Horrible cheap materials now used for most models
    • Rock solid, best notebook keyboards first were made quite flimsy
    • Secondly keys were replaced to modern cheap ones
    • Famous very good IBM layout had been replaced by one used in cheapest IdeaPads
    • Now we can see fully removed TrackPoint buttons because some designer figured out that it'll be cheaper to force you press trackpad.

    Btw, Ideapad brand will be destroyed as complete failure. And ThinkPad will be widened to try to sell all their crap.

    My IBM 600e looks like something made by alients compared to my modern ThinkPad.

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    Older Ryzen processors for editing rig http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/22258/older-ryzen-processors-for-editing-rig Sat, 06 Jul 2019 04:12:10 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 22258@/talks/discussions Ryzen 3xxx processors are very nice and all, but financially they are not optimal budget choice outside top segment of 12-16 cores.

    Compared to 1-2 gen Ryzen new CPUs real advantage is only around 10-15% on same clock speed, all Ryzen processors are overclockable on any decent motherboard.

    So, we'll go from most bargain CPUs:

    Two latest CPUs are best for file storage servers or for simpler 1080p editing rig.
    Even Ryzen 3 1200 is enough for fast server with 10Gbit connection and pair of NVMe drives that hold most recent footage. Ryzen 1700 will be better and better each month, as Adobe and Resolve with each new release will be more and more aimed for high core CPUs.

    I strongly suggest to use x370-x470 boards, even if used, to have upgrade path for later, check https://www.personal-view.com/talks/discussion/21405/amd-am4-motherboards-selection-guide-for-video-editors#Item_22.

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    Xiaomi Mi Box S - cheapest reliable HEVC 10bit HDR player http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/20951/xiaomi-mi-box-s-cheapest-reliable-hevc-10bit-hdr-player Thu, 22 Nov 2018 04:38:07 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 20951@/talks/discussions image

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    Xiaomi Mi Notebook Pro - MacBook Pro competition http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/17719/xiaomi-mi-notebook-pro-macbook-pro-competition Mon, 11 Sep 2017 07:40:24 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 17719@/talks/discussions image

    • 15.6″ FHD display protected by Corning Gorilla Glass 3
    • 4 core i8 CPU up to 4.0GHz
    • NVIDIA GeForce MX150
    • 8-16GB dual channel 2400MHz DDR4 RAM
    • 256GB PCIe NVMe SSD
    • one free SATA SSD slot for SSD or HDD
    • Dolby Atmos support
    • 60 Wh battery
    • Connectors - HDMI, 2 х USB 3.0, 2 х USB Type-C, 3,5-mm headphones out
    • 360,7 х 243,6 х 15,9mm
    • 1,95 kg
    • Prices
      • i7 + 16GB + 256GB: CNY 6999 ($1073)
      • i7 + 8GB + 256GB: CNY 6399 ($981)
      • i5 + 8GB + 256GB: CNY 5599 ($858)
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    Capitalism: Planning and DRAM http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/17041/capitalism-planning-and-dram Mon, 29 May 2017 08:04:14 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 17041@/talks/discussions image

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    Capitalism is very efficient, somewhere. DRAM prices (same as NAND) is kind of mad, due to production/consumption issues and cartel agreements that followed.

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    ATX12VO cheaper PSUs coming soon, designed to make MB unrepairable http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23420/atx12vo-cheaper-psus-coming-soon-designed-to-make-mb-unrepairable Thu, 23 Jan 2020 07:11:19 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23420@/talks/discussions

    According to the specification, the PSU only puts out +12 V and 12 Vsb voltage domains, and does away with the 5 V, 5 Vsb, and 3.3 V domains. This greatly simplifies the design of PSUs, as PCs of today don't use too many power-hungry 5 V or 3.3 V devices (such as half-a-dozen mechanical hard drives). The PC will still need 5 V for interfaces such as USB, but VRM on the motherboard will be responsible for DC-to-DC switching of 12 V to those lower-voltage domains. It's also likely that the motherboard will now put out a handful SATA power connectors.

    It is total bullshit about "great simplification", as all good PSUs already make 3.3V and 5V using DC-DC small boards. 5Vsb is also being made by specialized tiny controllers.

    Before implementation of DC-DC converters inside PSUs 5V and 3.3V failures had been very rare, usually all devices survived. Now serious failure put 12V on this rails, so say bye-bye to your SSDs and HDDs, as well as almost all devices on MB. But at least this DC-DC boards in good PSUs are monitored using separate controller (so switched off instantly in case of issue) and good cooled. Placing them directly on MB will lead to making things much worse.

    Idea of both PSU and MB manufacturers is to cheapen construction and go away from protection schemes (to further increase profits).

    MB manufacturers are especially hoping that such designs will allow them to make product that will kill itself in 3-6 years time (usual life of cheap polymer caps they'll use).

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    AMD Zen 2 aka Ryzen 3000 CPUs details http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/20830/amd-zen-2-aka-ryzen-3000-cpus-details Tue, 06 Nov 2018 17:02:23 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 20830@/talks/discussions image

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    The move to 7nm allowed AMD to make lot of advances with its Rome-based EPYC processor core microarchitecture:

    • 2X Performance per Socket
    • 4X Floating Point performance per socket
    • Previous gen socket compatible
    • Forward compatible with next gen Milan platform that supports PCI Express 4 connectivity
    • Improved branch prediction 
    • Better instructions prefetch 
    • Re-optimized micro-op instruction cache
    • Increased the size of the micro-op cache  
    • Doubled floating point width to 256-bit 
    • Doubled load store bandwidth 
    • Increased dispatch and retire bandwidth 
    • Results in maintained high throughput for all modes

    Nice thing

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    AMD Threadripper 2nd Gen 32 Core CPUs http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/19920/amd-threadripper-2nd-gen-32-core-cpus Tue, 19 Jun 2018 14:27:11 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 19920@/talks/discussions First Cinebench results coming (here it is overclocked 4.1Ghz one)

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    Specs

    • Threadripper 2 will have two models - 2990X and 2970X
    • 12nm Zen+ architecture
    • 64Mb cache
    • 2990X will have 32 cores/ 64 threads
    • 2970X will have 28 cores/ 48 threads
    • Nominal frequency will be 3.0Ghz
    • Turbo boost frequency will be 3,4-4.2Ghz
    • 4 channel memory
    • 60+4 PCI-E lines
    • 250W TDP
    • R4/X399 platform
    • Available since August 2018
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    Ryzen Plus, 2nd generation CPUs for Video Editing http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/19121/ryzen-plus-2nd-generation-cpus-for-video-editing Sat, 03 Mar 2018 05:41:34 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 19121@/talks/discussions image

    So far data are as follows:

    • Models, advanced performance
      • Ryzen 7 2700X (3700/4300)
      • Ryzen 7 2700 (3200/4100)
    • Models, mainstream
      • Ryzen 5 2600X (3600/4250)
      • Ryzen 5 2600 (3400/3900)
    • Average performance premium will be at 10-15%, closer to 10%
    • All CPU will still require expensive fast DDR4 memory
    • Announcement around April
    • Availability - April, May
    • First they try to push more premium models
    • Will be compatible with existing AM4 motherboards
    • Top two R7 models will have issues with cheap motherboards due to power
    • Available at https://www.amazon.com/AMD-Ryzen-Processor-Wraith-Cooler/dp/B07B428M7F/
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    AMD Threadripper 1st Gen 16-core CPUs http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/16950/amd-threadripper-1st-gen-16-core-cpus Wed, 17 May 2017 02:42:14 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 16950@/talks/discussions

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    New Mac Pro - meet new toaster with exorbitant price http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/22144/new-mac-pro-meet-new-toaster-with-exorbitant-price Mon, 03 Jun 2019 13:25:59 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 22144@/talks/discussions image

    Starting price is $5,999 for:

    • Cheap DDR4 32GB of memory
    • Only octa-core Intel Xeon CPU
    • Cheap Radeon Pro 580X 8GB graphics
    • 256GB SSD
    • Total specs typical for around $800-999 PC

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    RedmiBook 14 2019 - Macbook Air alternative http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/22123/redmibook-14-2019-macbook-air-alternative Wed, 29 May 2019 09:05:26 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 22123@/talks/discussions image

    Specs

    • Intel Core i5-8265U (Intel Core i7-8565U for advanced variant)
    • 256Gb SSD (512GB SSD for advanced variant)
    • 8Gb DDR4 RAM
    • Nvidia GeForce MX250 GPU
    • 14" IPS FullHD panel
    • 2x USB 3.0 ports, USB 2.0 port, HDMI port
    • Wi-Fi 802.11ac, Bluetooth
    • $580 (advanced variant - $725)
    • Fast charging
    • 1.5kg
    • June 1 availability

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    Intel 4xx chipsets - stagnation and crisis http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/22464/intel-4xx-chipsets-stagnation-and-crisis Thu, 22 Aug 2019 12:47:36 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 22464@/talks/discussions image

    Only changes that will happen:

    • New LGA socket, of course - LGA 1200
    • Improved Wi-Fi (but it still requires proper additional board as it is only made to throw away competition)
    • Names of chipsets - Q470, H470 and H410
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    Roland V-8HD HDMI Switcher http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23451/roland-v-8hd-hdmi-switcher Tue, 28 Jan 2020 11:03:34 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23451@/talks/discussions

    • Five-layer effects and keying engine
    • 8-Bit, 4:2:2 Video Processing
    • Up to 1080p60 Resolution Support
    • HDCP Support
    • Multi-viewer preview monitor
    • Aux output for a different video feed
    • Automatic video switching
    • 18-channel digital audio mixer with effects
    • Can Start & Stop Atomos recorders
    • iPad remote control app available
    • Ultra-mobile, lightweight, and efficient
    • $1995 USD at

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    Sandy Bridge - old but usable, even for 4K http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/17145/sandy-bridge-old-but-usable-even-for-4k Wed, 14 Jun 2017 06:26:58 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 17145@/talks/discussions For starters small tip. Not all guys know that you can overclock even non K models, if on proper MB.

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    Usually it is enough to use build in MB automatic feature.

    On average it'll be 3.8Ghz for 4 cores mode + 103Mhz BCLK, overall it is 15% performance rise (it takes Intel around 4 CPU generations now to do same :-).

    In reality, of course it is simpler to get i2500K for around $51.5 (like Z77, P67 does not support it)

    http://aliexpress.com/item/For-Intel-i5-2500K-Processor-Quad-Core-3-3GHz-LGA-1155-TDP-95W-6MB-Cache-With/32635885077.html

    Around 95-99% of CPUs work perfect at 4500Ghz, and around 30-40% on good cooler can work at 4.8-5Ghz.

    Overclocked Sandy Bridge with GPU like 1050 / RX 460 still is cheapest build for 4K editing, especially with proper editor.

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    Alder Lake-S may be first desktop 10nm chip by Intel http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23435/alder-lake-s-may-be-first-desktop-10nm-chip-by-intel Sat, 25 Jan 2020 18:08:37 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23435@/talks/discussions image

    • LGA1700 socket (again, each year will be new socket!)
    • 45 × 37,5mm size
    • PCIe 4.0 or even PCIe 5.0 support
    • DDR5 SDRAM
    • 4 channel memory support possible
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    Xeon W-3375X 665W TDP processor, meet new reality! http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23377/xeon-w-3375x-665w-tdp-processor-meet-new-reality Thu, 16 Jan 2020 06:31:09 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23377@/talks/discussions image

    • 14nm
    • 56 cores, 112 thread
    • 5,1Ghz
    • TDP at 665W (real consumption can be more!)

    This will be common reality of workstation level processors in 2-3 years.

    64 core 7nm Threadripper real peak consumption will be also around 500-600 watts (despite 280 W TDP). 32 core model peaks at 450-470 watts already.

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    AMD sTRX4 TRX40, TRX80 HEDT Motherboard Selection Guide for Video Editors http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23008/amd-strx4-trx40-trx80-hedt-motherboard-selection-guide-for-video-editors Thu, 07 Nov 2019 20:39:18 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23008@/talks/discussions This is very short and on point guide for selecting ATX board for your Threadripper build.

    TRX40 chipset diagram

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    AMD moved to PCIe 4.0, almost ell else is downgrade from x399, for example it removes 4 PCIe lines going directly from CPU to SSD and reroute them to chipset.

    It is ZERO reason to put 8 PCIe lines (and they are v4.0!) to such bad chipset and with CPU having so much PCIe lines by itself.

    If you look at this you will see how mighty is CPU, but how shitty is AMD TRX40 chipset.

    In reality it is even less features and more restrictions than consumer X570 one. But this allows AMD to get huge profits,

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    NVidia Ampere GPUs Coming http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/22993/nvidia-ampere-gpus-coming Thu, 07 Nov 2019 02:49:01 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 22993@/talks/discussions Topic for all news related to new GPUs.

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    Geforce MX350 and MX330 will be old architecture slow things http://personal-view.com/talks/discussion/23401/geforce-mx350-and-mx330-will-be-old-architecture-slow-things Mon, 20 Jan 2020 10:54:43 +0000 Vitaliy_Kiselev 23401@/talks/discussions image

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